Carniolan bee (Apis mellifera Carnica) in Slovenia

Janez GREGORI

Janez POKLUKAR

Janez MIHELIČ

05

 

Introducing queens and requeening 

 

The recognition by beekeepers that success in beekeeping depends on good young queens has led to greater demand for them. Registered breeders provide the majority of all the queens needed on the Slovene market

19a-Knowledge is the foundation of progress in breeding queens, too

 

5.1 What should be known during the introduction of queens?
5.2  Replacing or introducing queens  
5.2.1  Introduction with queen cells
5.2.2  Introduction with unmated queens
5.2.3  Introduction with mated queens
5.2.3.1  Direct introduction
5.2.3.2  Indirect introduction
5.2.4  proceed with a queen obtained from a breeder?
5.2.5  Some practical instructions with requeening
5.2.5.1  Introduction of the the queen under a protective net               

5.2.5.2

 Introduction of the the queen  in the nucleus colony

5.2.5.3  Introduction of the the queen  in multiple-storey hives
5.2.5.4.  Introduction of the the queen in leaf hives AZ and Bürki.
5.2.5.5  Introduction of the the queen in a reserve colony
5.3  Monitoring the success of requeening
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Beekeepers often make the criticism that they are dissatisfied with queens they have bought. The reason for the criticism is simple – too high a percentage of queens are not accepted by the colony but destroyed. It also too often occurs that a colony soon supersedes the purchased introduced queen. Criticisms are always unpleasant for breeders and for the most part also unfair. Introducing queens and requeening is expert work that requires adequate practical knowledge from a beekeeper and understanding of the biology of bees.