Carniolan bee (Apis mellifera Carnica) in Slovenia
Breeding programme for the Carniolan Bee
4.4 Breeding programme
Associates of the
authorised breeding organisation control each queen being tested three times:
five months after introducing the queens into a production colony, in
order to check the success of acceptance (purpose: to obtain information on the
quality of the breeding process in breeding centres and collecting samples of
live bees for morphological and health analysis)
nine months after introducing the queens into a production colony, in
order to check the success of overwintering (purpose: to assess the resistance
of groups to Varroa mite)
sixteen months after introducing the queen, in order to check the
production properties of groups of queens (purpose: to select the best original
queen, insofar as she is still alive, or to select her best daughter for
breeding needs the following year).
of the assessed queens in production testing must successfully survive the
following decision-making phase of the selection procedure:
the first two steps of the decision-making, we normally exclude around 25% of
introduced queens. On the basis of an evaluating of calmness, we then exclude
around 10% of introduced queens. Exclusion on the basis of swarming inclination
greatly varies during a year, on average we thus exclude 20% of introduced
queens. In practice, around 45% of queens introduced into testing »survive« to
the final assessment of breeding value.
have been testing queens in production testing since 1992. Of a total of 4,355
measurements of the productivity of bee colonies, the overall annual average has
been approximately 20 kg of honey produced per hive. It is encouraging that the
amount of honey produced per hive has been steadily increasing, on average by
0.41 kg per hive annually.
assessment of honey produced, in kg, in production testing of 4,355 queens from
1993 to 2001.
Summary or continue REQUEENING OR INTRODUCING QUEENS