Carniolan bee (Apis mellifera Carnica) in Slovenia




 Breeding programme for the Carniolan Bee

4.2 Breeding programme

The system of conducting breeding activities in the sphere of beekeeping is within the jurisdiction of the authorised breeding organisation in the sphere of beekeeping, which is the Beekeepers' Association of Slovenia. This plans and implements a breeding programme in accordance with statutory provisions, in which is defined the breeding aims, the size of the population, breeding methods and the selection programme, developmental and research tasks for the needs of increasing the effectiveness of implementing the programme. It determines measures for better management of beekeeping and for ensuring the spread of genetic progress and quality of bee products, the annual programme of use of individual pedigree queen stocks and the method of publishing data, and determines the conditions for cooperation with and use of services of the breeding programme, in accordance, of course, with zootechnical standards in the sphere of beekeeping

15 - The Beekeeping centre of Slovenia is at the same time also the registered office of the authorised breeding organisation for beekeeping

To date in Slovenia we have registered queen breeding centres each year anew. In accordance with the changed legislation, we now carry out a uniform five-year registration.

Each registered breeding point is under permanent health control by the National Veterinary Institute. The National Veterinary Institute, on the basis of laboratory analyses and inspections in the field ensures that all registered breeding centres are free of serious American foulbrood, European foul brood, Nosema disease and Varroa mites. The institute additionally ensures that there is no trace in breeding centres of the clinical appearance of Varroa mite.

The Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, in compliance with authority from the Beekeeper’s Association of Slovenia, takes care of direct work in bee selection. It controls breed purity of the population in selection, and conducts direct selection activities for the authorised breeding organisation in the field. It provides queen breeders with all the necessary technical advisory activities in the sphere of selection and breeding of queens and carries out laboratory analyses of the morphological properties of bees and analysis of mtDNA. It also ensures the undisturbed operation of the information system.

Each year in Slovenia, we register 30 – 40 queen breeding centres. A total of more than 40,000 queens are bred annually, of which one third are bought by Slovene beekeepers. 

16 - Sites of registered queen breeding centres in Slovenia in 2003 (source:

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