Carniolan bee (Apis mellifera Carnica) in Slovenia
Description of the Carniolan Bee
main body of the bee colony is concentrated in the rear of the hive. The
beekeeper is slightly out of step with measures.
method of overwintering of the Carniolan Bee is not much different from that of
the Black Bee. Unlike Carniolan Bees, Italian Bees overwinter in a large
cluster, and the queen hardly ever stops laying, which increases the amount of
food required during the winter time. During fast spring colony growth, there is
a risk of a propensity to swarm. It is possible to suppress swarming by adequate
beekeeping technology and equipment as well as by taking advantage of honeydew
forage, and thus increasing honey production.
are very gentle. They are quiet on the combs and are not aggressive towards the
beekeeper. In terms of this feature, it is superior to all other races of bees.
painting hive frontboards in the middle of a spring day at the peak of
foraging flights. The calm bees are not troubling him at all
Carniolan Bee is a great deal less active in the collection of pollen than the
Black Bee or the Caucasian Bee. This makes hive management much easier.
honeycomb cappings are formed level with the comb cell or embossed, which
considerably increases the amount of stored honey in the combs. It has a highly
developed sense of orientation. It is an advantage with the pavilion style of
beekeeping, where there is hardly ever drifting of bees into neighbouring hives
and the possibility of transmission of diseases and parasites. Its sense of
direction relies more on the shape than the colour of the surroundings. In this
it far surpasses the Italian and the Black Bee. It locates the honey dew flow
much easier than other races of bees. It is therefore perfectly adapted to
pasture on conifers.
Setting equipment at
a honey dew flow observation station
dance of the Carniolan Bee describes much more exactly the direction and
distance to a food source than that of other races of bees. When a pasture is
finished the Carniolans are quicker to search for new territory and locate it.
The occurrence of laying workers, i.e. worker bees producing a drone brood is
much later (30 days) than with the Black Bee (22 days). This indicates that the
social structure in the Carinolan Bee colony is stronger than in some other
Summary or continue page 3