Carniolan bee (Apis mellifera Carnica) in Slovenia




Historical review of the development and recognition of the Carniolan bee

6 - An expert group from a licenced breeding organization examining adequacy of a candidate for the registration  of a queen breeding point

After WW II there were many attempts to revitalize a systematic queen bee breeding, especially after 1979. In 1984 a national level service for the selection of the Carniolan bee was established within the Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, which improved the quality as well as the extent of queen breeding.

The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food has appointed a commission in charge of inspection and approval of mating and queen breeding points for the Carniolan Bee.

The commission reviews the mating and queen breeding points annually, with the participation of a specialist in selection from the Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, an expert in bee diseases from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Ljubljana and representatives from the government and the Beekeepers' Association of Slovenia.

The bee selection project was financially as well as in other ways supported by The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food on the basis of the Animal Husbandry Act (1978) and the regulation on conditions for breeding and marketing of queen bees and managing of mating points (1981). Among other things, the regulation includes the provision that only breeding of the Carniolan Bee is allowed within 30 km of registered mating points. A permit issued by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food was required. Thus, to this day, with the aid of appropriate professional measures, we have succeeded in maintaining the autochthonous population of the Carniolan Bee in most parts of Slovenia. This has been confirmed by the results of recent genetic research of mtDNA, in which, on the basis of bees sampled on the territory of the Republic of Slovenia surprisingly matched haplotypes were found.


7 - The doyen of Slovene queen breeders, Ciril Jalen   

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